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LOCAL  HISTORY, 


OF- 


DILLSBURG.  PA. 


•BY- 


A.  N.  ESLINGER, 


FIFTY  YEARS  A  RESIDENT. 


WITH  NOTES  AND  COMMENTS, 

FfiOM  THE— 

EARLIEST  KNOWN  SETTLEMENT 

TO  THE 

PRESENT 
1902. 


PRICE  25  CENTS 


LOCAL  HISTORY, 

OF 

DILLSBURG,  PA. 


BY 


A.  N.  ESLINGER, 

FIFTY  YEARS  A  RESIDENT. 


WITH  NOTES  AND  COMMENTS, 


-FROM   THE- 


EARLIEST  KNOWN  SETTLEMENT 


-TO  THE- 


PRESENT 
1902. 


o- 


DJLLSEURG   BULLETIN  PRINT. 


&1SH 


A.  N.  ESLINGER. 


ERRATA. 

On  page  11  the  sentence  which  reads:  "In  1898 
there  was  $334,057.86  less  on  deposit  than  in  the 
year  ending  September  2,  1902,"  should  read  as 
follows:  In  1898  there  was  $334,057.86  less  deposited 
than  in  the  year  ending  September  2,  1902. 


■  ■  • 

- 


I. 

INTRODUCTION. 

DILLSBURG,    PA. 

This  town  which  bears  the  honored  name  of  the 
most  prominent  Scotch  Irish  settler  of  the  vicinity, 
was  laid  out  by  one  of  his  descendants  in  the  year 
1800.  The  town  is  situated  on  the  old  Harrisburg 
and  Baltimore  road,  near  the  South  Mountain,  in 
York  county,  about  twenty-one  miles  from  the  City 
of  York,  the  county  seat  of  York  County  and  ten 
miles  from  Carlisle,  the  county  seat  of  Cumberland 
county  and  twenty-two  miles  from  Gettysburg,  the 
county  seat  of  Adams  county.  Matthew  Dill  was  one 
of  the  first  settlers  of  the  vicinity  of  Dilleburg, 
locating  there  about  the  year  1740.  He 
came  from  the  County  of  Monaghan,  Ireland.  He 
died  in  1750,  a  large  sandstone  slab  marks  his  grave 
in  the  old  Graveyard  near  Dillsburg.  His  son,  Col. 
Matthew  Dill,  became  famous  in  the  Revolution- 
ary War,  for  his  bravery  and  services  in  the  army. 
He  obtained  a  free  patent  of  land,  three  leagues 
square,  on  part  of  which  Dillsburg  is  built.  When 
the  town  was  laid  out  there  were  only  six  houses  in 
the  place,  including  the  old  Monaghan  Presbyterian 
Church,  and  there  are  now  only  three  remaining  of 
the  original  buildings.  Two  on  North  Baltimore 
street,  one  of  them  owned  by  D.  W.  Beitzel,  our  pres- 
ent  Postmaster,   and  the  other  by  E.  A.  Fishel,  and 


ore  on  South  Baltimore  street,  owned  by  Wm.  Har- 
bolt.  When  I  first  knew  the  place  in  1839,  the  house 
above  named  owned  by  D.  W.  Beitzel,  was  owned  and 
occupied  by  the  Rev.  Anderson  B.  Quay,  who  was  at 
that  time  serving  the  old  Monaghan  Church  as  Pas- 
tor. He  was  the  father  of  Hon.  Matthew  Stanley 
Quay,  who  is  at  this  time  serving  his  third  term  as 
one  of  our  United  States  Senators.  The  one  owned 
by  E.  A.  Fishel,  was  owned  and  occupied  by  John 
Dill,  one  of  the  descendants  of  the  founder  of  Dills- 
burg,  and  the  other  one  was  occupied  by  John  Smith, 
the  father  of  John  A.  and  Geo.  W.  Smith,  who  still 
reside  in  Dillsburg.  There  were  two  Hotels  in  the 
place.  They  have  both  been  taken  away  and  new 
ones  built  on  the  same  stands.  One  was  built  by  S. 
P.  Nelson,  deceased  in  1863,  the  other  was  rebuilt  by 
Peter  Sidle  in  1901.  They  are  both  excellent  three- 
story  brick  buildings  and  are  well  calculated  to  ac- 
commodate strangers  and  travellers.  But  the  town 
increased  slowly  until  the  year  1833  when  it  was  in- 
corporated as  a  borough,  with  limited  powers,  and 
named  in  the  charter,  The  Borough  of  Dillsburg.  At 
this  time  the  town  had  only  about  forty  house,  less 
than  two  hundred  of  a  population.  According  to  the 
charter  the  election  of  Borough  Officers  was  held  an- 
nually one  week  previous  to  the  time  of  holding  the 
the  regular  township  elections.  At  the  first  election 
Jacob  Heiges,  (father  of  Dr.  J.  D.  Heiges,  of  York 
City,)  was  a  Judge  of  the  election,  and  Dr.  George  L. 
Sheaie:  was  chosen  as  the  Chief  Burgess  of  the  Bor- 
ough and  Jacob  Heiges  was  chosen  Tax  Collector  of 
the   borough.     The  borough  then  began  to  improve. 


The  sirests  were  grade;!  and  piked  and  brick  pave- 
ments ten  feet  wide  were  laid  in  front  of  the  resi- 
dences on  Baltimore  street,  (the  main  street,)  which 
was  quite  an  improvement,  for  the  convenience  for 
pedestrians  to  attend  church  and  for  the  children  at- 
tending school,  and  it  proved  to  be  a  great  benefit  to 
the  citizens  of  the  borough.  The  principal  object  in 
writing  this  book  is  to  show  the  present  generation 
the  origin  of  this  borough  and  its  growth.  My  sub- 
ject will  be 


DILLSBURG,    PAST  AND  PRESENT. 


II. 

ORIGIN  OF  DILLSBURG. 

Dillsburg  was  laid  out  by  Col.  Matthew  Dill,  in  the 
year  1800.  There  were  at  this  time  only  six  houses 
in  the  place.  Three  of  the  original  houses  are  still 
standing. 


III. 

FIRST  CHURCH. 

The  Presbyterian  Church  in  Dillsburg,  ecclesiasti- 
cally known  as  the  Monaghan  church,  derives  its 
name  from  the  township  in  which  it  was  originally  lo- 
cated about  one-fourth  of  a,  mile  west  of  Dillsburg. 
The  exact  year  of  its  organization  is  not  known,  but 
preaching  services  were  held  as  early  as  1737,  hence 
it  is  one  of  the  oldest  churches  in  the  county.  In 
1782  Rev.  Samuel  Waugh  became  the  Pastor,  and  un- 
der his  pastorate  "Th'e  Monaghan  Presbyterian" 
Church  was  rebuilt,  and  the  location  changed  to  the 
one  at  present  occupied.  It  is  located  in  Dillsburg, 
but  it  was  built  eighteen  years  (1782)  before  Dills- 
burg was  laid  out,  on  a  piece  of  land  donated  by  Col. 
Dill  as  a  site  for  a  church  and  burying  ground.  This 
was  a  stone  structure  about  fifty  feet  long  and  forty 
feet  wide.  A  small  stone  building  about  fifteen  feet 
square  with  a  fire  place  in  it  was  attached  to  the 
north  side.  This  was  called  the  study.  In  1813  the 
church  was  partly  destroyed  by  fire.  The  next  year, 
1814,  it  was  rebuilt,  and  remained  in  that  condition 
until  the  year  1849,  when  it  was  torn  down,  and  a 
brick  building  put  in  its  place.  In  1887  this  church 
was  remodeled  by  placing  a  tower  at  the  southwest 
corner  and  placing  a  bell  in  it,  &c.  But  the  same 
church  still  remains  and  preaching  services  are  held 
in  it  every  Sabbath.  The  second  church  in  Dillsburg 
was  built  by  the  Methodist  Episcopal  congregation  in 
1843.  It  was  located  on  North  Baltimore  street.  It 
was  remodeled  and  enlarged  in  1879,  and  at  this  writ- 
ing,   1902,   it  has  been  torn  down,  and  the  congrega- 

6 


tion  is  busy  building  a  new  one,  much  larger  than  the 
old  one.  It  will  be  buff  brick  with  a  large  tower,  and 
it  is  expe?ted  to  be  ready  for  services  before  the  first 
of  April,  1903.  The  third  church  is  St.  Paul's  Lu- 
theran. This  church  was  built  in  1856.  It  is  located 
on  South  Baltimore  street.  It  was  remodeled  since  it 
was  built,  and  enlarged.  It  is  a  brick  building,  and 
has  regular  preaching  every  Sabbath.  The  fourth 
church  was  built  by  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ  in 
the  year  1894.  It  is  also  a  brick  edifice  located  on 
East  Harrisburg  street,  and  has  preaching  every  Sab- 
bath. 


IV. 

FIRST  SABBATH  SCHOOL. 

The  first  Sabbath  School  known  by  the  name  of 
"The  Dillsburg  Union  Sabbath  School,"  was  organ- 
ized about  the  year  1834  by  Daniel  Kraber  and  Miss 
Catherine  Eichelberger  and  later  the  wife  of  Enos 
Young,  Esq.,  and  others  in  the  study  of  the  old 
Monaghan  Presbyterian  Church  with  between  thirty 
and  forty  pupils.  It  continued  in  this  building  only 
a  few  years.  It  was  then  removed  to  the  public 
school  house.  It  continued  its  sessions  there  until 
the  year  1865,  when  it  was  removed  to  the  Metho- 
dist Episcopal  Church,  but  was  still  continued  as  a 
Union  Sabbath  School.  Soon  after  this  removal  in  the 
same  year,  the  Lutheran  congregation  organized  a 
Sabbath  School  in  their  own  church.  In  a  few  years 
after  this  date  the  Presbyterians  organized  a  Sab- 
bath  School    in    their   church.     This    ended   the  old 


Union  Sabbath  School.  But  in  1873  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  congregation  organized  a  Sabbath  school  in 
their  church.  In  1894  the  United  Brethren  organized 
a  Sabbath  School  in  their  new  church.  You  will 
therefore  notice  the  increase  in  Sabbath  School  effort. 
In  1834  one  Union  Sabbath  School  with  about  forty 
scholars  in  a  town  with  a  population  of  two  hundred. 
At  this  writing  we  have  four  Sabbath  Schools  with 
about  five  hundred  in  attendance  with  a  population  of 
eight  hundred.  This  you  will  notice  is  a  marvelous 
increase  of  attendance.  The  schools  are  all  in  a  pros- 
perous condition. 


POST  OFFICE. 

The  first  post  office  was  established  in  Dillsburg 
January  8th,  1816.  Mr.  Wm.  Gillilan  was  the  first 
Postmaster.  His  successor  was  Asa  Sawyer.  He  was 
again  succeeded  by  Mr.  Gillilan.  Dr.  George  L. 
Shearer  became  his  successor  in  1828,  and  served  con- 
tinuously for  seventeen  years.  He  was  succeeded  by 
J.  B.  Hurst  in  1845.  He  was  succeded  by  Mrs.  Mary 
Stewart  in  1849.  She  was  succeded  by  H.  G.  Sidle 
in  1853.  He  was  succeeded  by  Alex.  Wentz  in  1857, 
and  he  was  succeeded  by  Dr.  T.  L.  Cathcart  in  1861. 
Dr.  Cathcart  served  two  years  and  resigned,  and  in 
1863  A.  N.  Eslinger  was  appointed  Postmaster  and  he 
filled  the  office  for  twenty -two  years  in  succession.  A. 
N.  Eslinger  was  succeeded  by  Lemuel  Ross  in  1885, 
and  Mr.  Boss  was  succeeded  by  A.  N".  Eslinger  in 
1889.     Mr.    Eslinger   served   four   years    and  seven 


months  and  was  succeeded  again  by  Mr.  Ross,  who 
served  four  years.  Mr.  Ross  was  succeeded  in  1<S(.)7 
by  D.  W.  Beitzel,  who  is  still  at  this  writing  Post- 
master, 1902,  When  A.  X.  Eslinger  first  got  the 
post  office  it  was  worth  to  the  Postmaster  only  one 
hundred  and  twenty  dollars  a  year.  But  as  the  busi- 
ness increased  the  salary  increased  yearly  until  at  this 
time,  1902,  it  is  worth  about  one  thousand  dollars  a 
year.  We  have  now  two  daily  mails  by  railroad,  and 
three  stage  coaches  leave  the  post  office  every  morn- 
ing during  the  w^eek  to  supply  the  rural  districts  with 
mail  matter,  and  two  coaches  in  addition  leave  the  of- 
fice for  Rural  Delivery,  and  they  return  every  even- 
ing with  the  mail  matter  gathered  up  to  have  it 
mailed  in  the  Post  Office  at  Dillsburg.  This  makes 
the  Dillsburg  Post  Office  the  largest  fourth -class  office 
in  the  County  of  York. 


VI. 
FIRST  PRINTING  PRESS. 

The  first  paper  published  in  Dillsburg  was  in  1870, 
and  was  called  the  New  Era.  It  was  published  by 
G.  W.  Nichols,  semi-monthly,  but  he  soon  after  sold 
out  to  other  parties,  and  the  name  of  the  paper  was 
changed  to  ''The  Dillsburg  Bulletin."  It  is  still  con- 
tinued and  is  published  weekly,  and  has  a  circulation 
of  over  one  thousand  regular  subscribers,  and 
is  an  excellent  medium  through  which  business- 
men can  advertise  their  business,  and  it  has  a  large 
patronage  on  that  line.  The  Editor  and  Publisher  of 
the  paper  at  this  time  is  Wm.  M.  Elicker,  Manager. 
His  residence  is  Dillsburg.  Pa. 

9 


VII. 

RAILROAD. 

Dillsburg  was  without  a  railroad  until  the  year 
1873,  when  a  charter  was  granted  for  the  construc- 
tion of  a  railroad  from  Dillsburg  to  Meehanicsburg,  a 
distance  of  nine  miles,  named  The  Dillsburg  and 
Mechanicsburg  Railroad  Company.  The  principal 
incorporators  in  this  movement  were  Dr.  G.  L. 
Shearer,  Christian  Render,  John  N.  Logan,  Esq., 
James  J.  Moore,  Col.  S.  X.  Railey,  S.  P.  Nelson  and 
George  Lau  and  others.  The  first  regular  train  came 
into  Dillsburg  July  18th,  1873.  Dillsburg  is  at  this 
time  accommodated  with  three  regular  trains  daily. 
The  road  is  doing  a  good  business.  Its  receipts  at 
Dillsburg  amount  to  about  thirty  thousand  dollars 
annually.  It  is  a  feeder  to  the  Cumberland  Valley 
Railroad  and  is  controlled  by  that  company,  and  it  is 
equipped  with  good  engines  and  cars,  and  accommo- 
dating officers. 


VIII. 
THE  RANK. 

A  Deposit  Rank  was  organized  in  Dillsburg  in 
1873.  Capt.  Wm.  E.  Miller,  of  Carlisle  was  its  first 
President  and  John  X.  Logan,  Esq.,  was  its  first 
Cashier.  It  continued  in  business  until  the  year  1878, 
when  it  was  reorganized  and  a  charter  secured  for  a 
National  Rank,  and  is  known  as  The  Dillsburg  Na- 
tional Rank.  It  has  been  doing  an  excellent  business 
ever  since  it  was  organized.  Joseph  Deardorff  was 
its  first  President  and  John  N.  Logan,  Esq. ,  its  first 

10 


Cashier.  Mr.  Deardorff  died,  and  Mr.  Logan  resigned 
on  account  of  ill  health.  The  Bank  is  at  this  time 
located  on  the  corner  of  Baltimore  and  Harrisburg 
Streets,  in  Dillsburg,  in  a  beautiful  brick  building 
three  stories  high,  with  iron  front.  The  President  at 
this  time  is  D.  \V.  Beitzel,  and  Geo.  W.  Cook  is 
Cashier,  S.  R.  Posey  is  Teller,  and  Ralph  B.  Cook  is 
the  Book-keeper.  This  building  was  erected  in  1891 
by  the  Bank,  and  it  makes  a  beautiful  appearance.  It 
is  quite  an  improvement  to  the  town  and  a  great  con- 
venience to  the  business-men  of  the  Borough,  and  to 
the  surrounding  country.  Its  financial  business  you 
will  find  as  follows:  Total  deposits  during  the  year 
ending  Sept.  2,  1902,  was  $1,452,6,0>7.94,  checks  paid 
during  the  same  year,  $1,416,765.80,  showing  an  in- 
crease in  deposits  during  the  year  of  $30,672.14.  The 
present  line  of  deposits  approximates  one  quarter  of  a 
million  dollars.  In  1898  there  was  $334, 057. 86  less 
on  deposit  than  in  the  year  ending  Sept.  2,  1902. 
This  shows  a  remarkable  increase  in  the  business  done 
in  the  Dillsburg  National  Bank.  This  surely  speaks 
well  for  the  Bank.  This  statement  is  taken  from  the 
records  of  the  Bank  by  the  Cashier  and  handed  to  me 
by  the  Teller.  Taking  the  Dillsburg  National  Bank 
building  for  beauty  and  location,  and  its  accommo- 
dating Officers  and  Directors,  I  can  truly  say  that  it 
is  not  very  easily  surpassed  as  a  banking  institution. 


11 


IX. 

MORALS  OF  DILLSBUKG. 

The  morals  of  the  town  are  in  a  fair  condition  as 
compared  with  other  towns  of  the  same  size.  As  al- 
ready stated,  we  have  four  churches  and  four  Sabbath 
Schools.  There  are  at  least  five  hundred  people  at- 
tending our  churches  on  the  Sabbath  and  fully  as 
many  attend  the  Sabbath  Schools.  Our  hotels  are 
closed  on  the  Sabbath  and  so  are  all  the  other  places 
of  business.  After  church  hours  on  the  Sabbath,  our 
town  is  very  quiet.  You  see  very  few  people  on  the 
streets,  and  it  looks  as  though  the  Sabbath  was  re- 
spected. How  was  it  forty  years  ago  as  compared 
with  the  present?  Then  the  Hotels  were  kept  open 
on  the  Sabbath  the  same  as  during  the  week.  One 
little  Sabbath  School  with  about  forty  children  at- 
tending it,  most  of  the  children  running  the  streets. 
Hotels  were  regular  loafing  places  for  old  and  young. 
Whiskey  was  sold  at  three  cents  a  drink.  Pitching 
horse  shoes  and  pennies  and  playing  ball  was  a  com- 
mon thing  to  do  on  the  Sabbath  at  that  day.  All 
these  things  have  long  since  passed  away,  for  which 
we  feel  glad,  and  thank  our  Heavenly  Father  for 
these  great  reforms.  But  as  I  desire  to  give  the  past 
as  well  as  the  present,  of  Dillsburg  to  the  public,  you 
can  plainly  see  that  there  is  a  great  improvement  in 
the  morals  in  Dillsburg.  But  I  confess  that  there  is 
still  plenty  of  room  for  improvement,  so  we  must 
confess  with  the  poet 

"On  this  earthly  ball  below 

The  wheat  and  tares  together  grow, ' ' 

12 


and  Dillsburg  is  not  excepted.  But  when  wecompare 
our  Borough  with  other  places  of  its  size  I  think 
we  can  truly  say  for  morals  our  town  will  compare 
favorably  with  other  towns  of  its  size. 


X. 
PUBLIC  SCHOOLS. 

When  the  first  law  was  passed  by  our  Legislature 
in  1834,  it  was  made  optional  with  the  citizens  of  the 
different  boroughs  and  townships  whether  they  would 
accept  the  provisions  of  the  law  or  not.  This  was 
left  to  a  vote  of  the  people  of  the  Boroughs  or  Town- 
ships. I  said  in  the  beginning  of  these  articles  that 
when  Dillsburg  wTas  incorporated  as  a  Borough,  it  was 
with  limited  powers  and  one  of  the  limits  was,  that 
the  Borough  and  the  Township  of  Carroll  should  re- 
main as  one  School  District,  and  it  can  be  truthfully 
said  that  Dr.  George  L.  Shearer  and  Thomas  P.  Blair. 
the  former  was  a  Whig,  and  the  latter  a  Democrat, 
labored  hard  to  get  the  District  to  accept  the  benefits 
of  the  law,  and  at  an  election  called  for  the  purpose. 
Carroll  District  accepted  the  benefits  of  the 
law  as  early  as  the  year  1836.  This  was  one  of 
of  the  first  districts  in  the  County  to  accept  the  law. 
The  Directors  at  once  proceeded  to  buy  a  piece  of 
ground  on  South  Baltimore  Street,  and  built  a  one- 
story  brick  schoolhouse  and  opened  a  school.  About 
ten  years  after  this  time  they  found  the  building  too 
small,  and  they  built  an  end  to  it.  At  this  same  time 
many  of  the  pupils  were  still  sent  into  the  town 
school  from  the  township.  The  school  in  1845  bad 
one  hundred  and  forty-six  pupils.     Two  teachers  were 

13 


employed  to  teach  this  large  school.  They  each  got 
a  salary  of  eighteen  dollars  a  month  for  a  six  months 
term.  Adding  the  cost  of  fuel  it  cost  the  tax-payers 
about  two  hundred  and  forty  dollars  a  year.  But  in 
1855,  the  Legislature  passed  an  Act  separating  all 
boroughs  and  townships  as  School  Districts.  This  re- 
duced the  number  of  our  pupils.  But  as  our  borough 
increased  in  population  the  old  schoolhouse  became 
too  small,  and  in  1877  the  directors  decided  to  build 
a  new  one  on  the  same  site  where  the  old  one  stood  at 
a  cost  of  thirty-five  hundred  dollars,  with  three 
school  rooms.  But  in  1894  the  Directors  considered 
the  one  recently  built  too  small,  so  they  unroofed  it 
and  made  it  much  larger  and  put  a  Mansard  roof  on 
it,  and  made  it  three  stories  high,  with  four  school 
rooms.  We  have  at  this  time  three  schools.  The 
term  is  eight  months.  We  pay  the  teachers  for  teach- 
ing the  three  schools  eleven  hundred  and  fifty  dollars 
for  the  term,  adding  about  one  hundred  dollars  for 
fuel,  it  would  make  the  cost  over  thirteen  hundred 
dollars  for  the  term.  You  will  notice  that  in  1845  it 
cost  the  Borough  two  hundred  and  forty  dollars  to 
teach  one  hundred  and  forty-six  pupils  for  a  six 
months  term,  while  in  1902  it  costs  over  thirteen  hun- 
dred dollars  to  teach  the  same  number  of  pupils  eight 
months.  This  shows  quite  an  increase  of  teacher's 
wages,  but  shows  likewise  a  great  increase  in  the 
property  owner's  taxes.  But  then  we  are  living  in  a 
fast  age,  and  somebody  must  pay  the  bills.  School 
and  building  tax  in  1902  was  five  and  one-fourth 
mills. 


14 


XL 

BUILDINGS. 

I  have  already  stated  that  in  1800  we  had  six 
houses  in  the  plaee.  In  1833  when  the  town  was  in- 
corporated we  had  forty  houses,  but  in  1902  we  have 
two  hundred  and  twenty,  and  we  have  a  much  better 
class  of  buildings  than  we  had  in  an  early  day.  Our 
Bank  building  will  compare  favorably  with  the  Bank 
buildings  of  many  of  our  county  seats.  Our  business 
rooms,  many  of  them,  are  large  and  well  furnished. 
But  I  shall  speak  more  particularly  about  them  un- 
der the  head  of  Busixess  Men. 


XII. 
POPULATION. 


Dillsburg  when  first  laid  out  in  1800.  with  six 
houses,  allowing  five  of  a  family  to  each  house,  would 
make  a  population  of  thirty  persons.  In  1833  when 
the  town  was  incorporated  there  were  forty  houses,  at 
the  same  ratio  it  would  make  the  population  two 
hundred.  In  1890  the  census  report  makes  the  popu- 
lation five  hundred  and  eighty-seven.  But  the  cen- 
sus report  of  1900  makes  the  population  seven  hun- 
dred and  thirty-two.  But  at  this  time,  1902,  our 
population  in  the  borough  exceeds  eight  hundred. 
The  town  has  not  grown  very  fast,  but  it  has  never 
taken  a  step  backward. 


15 


XIII. 

BUSINESS  AND  BUSINESS  MEN". 

There  are  at  this  time  sixty-five  business  men  and 
women  engaged  in  the  different  lines  of  business. 
Some  of  them  I  will  speak  of  in  this  pamphlet.  There 
are  at  this  time  fifty-six  different  places  of  business. 
I  have  already  given  you  a  full  description  of  our 
Bank  and  the  amount  of  business  they  do.  I  will 
now  describe  the  next  business  house  to  you,  owned 
by  K.  L.  Nesbit.  This  is  a  three-story  brick  house 
fifty  feet  front,  extending  back  one  hundred  and 
ninety-eight  feet  to  the  public  alley.  The  firm  is  do- 
ing business  under  the  name  of  R.  L.  Nesbit  & 
Co.  They  keep  a  Hardware,  Stove  and  Furniture 
Store,  and  they  carry  a  very  large  stock  of  nearly 
every  kind  and  quality.  Mr.  Nesbit  commenced 
business  in  1887  in  a  small  building  located  at  the 
name  place  that  he  is  doing  business  at  this  time, 
keeping  only  a  hardware  store  at  first.  He  prospered 
in  his  business  and  he  then  added  to  his  hardware  a. 
regular  line  of  stoves  and  furniture,  until  his  busi- 
ness increased  to  such  an  extent,  that  at  this  time  he 
has  one  of  the  largest  and  finest  business  rooms  in 
the  county,  and  carries  a  very  large  stock  of  goods  of 
every  kind  above  mentioned. 

In  the  same  block  we  have  J.  F.  Rearick's  Shoe 
Store.  He  keeps  constantly  on  hand  a  large  assort- 
ment of  Shoes  and  Hats. 

We  pass  the  printing  office  of  which  we  have  al- 
ready spoken,  and  come  to  A.  K.  Stray er,  Carpenter 
and  Contractor.  He  employs  from  six  to  twelve 
hands,  and  does  a  business  of  five  thousand  dollars  a 
year. 

16 


We  next  come  to  C.  K.  Weaver's  Shoe  and  Hat 
Store.  He  keeps  constantly  on  hand  a  large  assort- 
ment of  shoes  and  hats. 

We  next  come  to  the  firm  of  Smyser,  Creager  &  Co.. 
who  keep  a  large  Hardware,  Stove  and  Furniture 
Store.  Mr.  Smyser,  the  senior  partner  of  the  firm, 
opened  a  Hardware  Store  in  the  north  end  of  the 
Shearer  block  less  than  four  years  ago.  His  busi- 
ness increased,  and  he  took  in  a  partner  and  enlarged 
his  stock  and  added  to  it  stoves  and  furniture.  The 
firm  also  bought  out  the  Hardware  Store  kept  almost 
opposite,  known  as  the  Dillsburg  Hardware  Co.  The 
firm  is  now  known  as  Smyser,  Cr eager  &  Co.  They 
run  both  rooms  and  keep  a  large  assortment  of  all 
kinds  of  hardware,  stoves  and  furniture  on  hand. 

We  next  come  to  M.  W.  Briteher's  Drug  Store.  He 
keeps  an  excellent  assortment  of  Drugs.  He  also 
keeps  the  news  office,  and  keeps  on  sale  quite  a  va- 
riety of  city  daily  papers. 

We  next  come  to  Charles  Gallatin's  Restaurant, 
where  you  can  get  j^our  meals  or  lunch,  or  ice  cream 
at  all  hours. 

Then  you  come  to  S.  M.  Ensminger's  Meat  Shop. 
He  kills  from  four  to  five  beeves  a  week,  and  keeps 
meat  constantly  on  hand  to  accomodate  customers. 
Then  we  come  to  John  H.  Dick  &  Co.'s  Dry  Goods 
and  Grocery  Store.  He  keeps  a  large  assortment  of 
dry  goods  and  notions  on  hand.  Then  we  come  to 
the  Palace  Hotel,  kept  by  Peter  Sidle,  of  which  I 
have  already  spoken.  We  next  come  to  Jerry  May- 
berry's  Harness  Shop,  and  then  we  come  to  John  L. 
Anderson,   Paper  Hanger  and  Undertaker.     Next  we 

17 


come  to  C.   W.  Sheffer,  Coachmaker,  who  keeps  eon- 
stantly  on  hand  a  large  stock  in  his  line  of  business. 

We  commence  again  at  the  square  and  we  have  F.  M. 
Altland's  large  Dry  Goods  and  Grocery  Store.  He 
has  a  large  room,  and  he  carries  a  heavy  stock  of 
goods.  We  next  come  to  H.  G.  Eslinger's  Clothing 
Store.  He  keeps  constantly  on  hand  a  well  assorted 
stock  of  ready-made  clothing.  We  next  come  to  the 
Hotel  Central  kept  by  Win.  Sidle,  which  is  well  kept, 
but  I  have  already  referred  to  it.  We  next  come 
to  the  Post  Office,  to  which  I  have  already  referred  in 
this  book.  Next  we  come  to  the  Telephone  Exchange 
kept  by  Lewis  Blackford.  Then  we  come  to  Mrs. 
Louisa  Smith's  Milliner  Store.  She  keeps  a  fine  lot 
of  Ladies'  Hats  and  Bonnets  constantly  on  hand. 
Next  we  come  to  Smyser,  Creager  &  Co.'s  Hardware, 
Stove  and  Furniture  Store,  to  which  I  have  already 
referred  in  this  book. 

Next  we  come  to  the  clothing  store  kept  by  J.  A. 
Lerew  &  Co. ,  where  they  keep  constantly  on  hand  a  large 
assorted  stock  of  ready  made  clothing.  We  next  come 
to  the  fine  Jewelry  Store  of  N.  R.  Bailey.  He  keeps 
a  large  assortment  of  watches  and  clocks  on  hand  and 
all  kinds  of  jewelry,  such  as  rings,  breast-pins,  &c, 
and  the  repairing  of  watches  and  clocks  prompt!}7  at- 
tended to.  We  next  come  to  Miss  Annie  Harbold, 
Milliner.  She  keeps  constantly  on  hand  a  large  as- 
sortment of  Ladies'  Hats  and  Bonnets,  &c.  We  then 
come  to  the  Dillsburg  Bakeiy  owned  by  John  Mc- 
Creary.  This  is  one  of  the  largest  bakeries  in  Cen- 
tral Pennsylvania.  He  uses  on  an  average  fifty-five 
barrels   of    flour  a  week.     This  would  be  a  total  of 

18 


two  thousand  eight  hundred  and  sixty  barrels  of  flour 
per  year.  He  sells  in  Dillsburg  and  in  the  surround- 
ing towns  and  country  between  fifteen  and  eighteen 
thousand  dollars  worth  of  bread,  cakes  and  pies,  an- 
nually. He  employs  from  fourteen  to  sixteen  men 
regularly,  who  do  the  baking  and  peddle  his  bread. 
Next  we  come  to  Kapp  &  Seibert's  Large  Dry  Goods 
and  Grocery  Store.  They  have  a  large  room,  filled 
with  goods  in  their  line  of  business.  Then  we  come 
to  A.  D.  Altland,  Manufacturer  of  Fly-Nets  and 
Horse  Collars,  Jobber  Saddlery  Hardware,  Whips, 
Horse  Clothing  and  Leather.  He  employs  as  high 
as  forty  to  fifty  hands.  Then  we  come  down 
to  York  street  and  we  come  to  L.  C.  Bushey's 
large  Exchange  Stable.  He  keeps  on  hand  horses 
to  sell  or  exchange,  and  deals  in  cattle.  Win. 
H.  Schriver  keeps  a  large  Farming  Implement  Store 
on  the  corner  of  Second  and  West  Harrisburg  Street. 
He  keeps  a  large  assortment  of  all  kinds  of  farming 
implements,  such  as  wagons,  reapers,  corn  shellers, 
&c. ,  &c.  Then  we  come  to  the  large  warehouse  of 
Cook,  Deardorff  &  Co.,  where  they  pay  the  highest 
market  price  for  all  kinds  of  grain,  and  they  will  sell 
you  stone  coal,  phosphates,  &c. ,  as  cheap  as  you  can 
buy  it  elsewhere.  Then  we  come  to  the  warehouse  of 
S.  N.  Bailey  &  Bro.  They  also  buy  all  kinds  of 
grain  and  will  sell  you  stone  coal  and  phosphates  at 
reasonable  rates,  &c.  I  have  already  referred  you  to 
the  Railroad  on  another  page  of  this  book.  Then  we 
come  to  Britcher  &  Bender's  Lumber  Office.  They 
keep  a  large  asortment  of  lumber  on  hand.  Their 
sales  run  from  fifteen  to  twenty  thousand  dollars  an- 

19 


nually.  Tlien  we  come  to  Morrett  Coover's  Shirt  and 
Overall  Factory.  It  employs  from  thirty  to  forty 
men,  girls  and  boys,  and  it  is  doing  quite  a  good 
business.  We  now  come  to  North  Baltimore  street, 
and  come  to  M.  D.  Eby's  Creamery,  which  is  open 
every  day  in  the  week  (Sunday  excepted).  He  tells 
me  he  makes  on  an  average  about  twenty-five  hun- 
dred pounds  of  butter  per  week.  That  would  make 
sixty-five  tons  of  butter  a  year.  And  in  connection 
with  this  creamery  he  manufactures  as  much  as 
thirty-five  hundred  gallons  of  ice  cream  annually. 
The  Dillsburg  Ice  Cream  has  quite  a  reputation  for 
its  good  qualities.  Then  we  come  to  Bauman  and 
Hinkel's.  Mr.  Bauman  makes  wagons,  locomobiles 
and  automobiles  if  ordered,  and  repairs  wagons  and 
all  kinds  of  farming  implements.  Mr.  Hinkel  manu- 
factures spokes  for  wagons  and  carriages  for  home 
trade,  and  many  of  them  he  ships  to  all  parts  of  the 
world.  He  employs  7  hands.  Then  we  have  an 
Electric  Plant  that  supplies  the  Borough  with  electric 
light,  lighting  all  business  houses,  as  well  as  private 
residences,  and  many  have  the  electric  light  in  their 
houses.  Then  we  have  John  A.  Smith  &  Co.'s  Tin  and 
Stove  Store,  where  he  constantly  keeps  on  hand  a  large 
assortment  of  Stoves  and  Tinware.  And  the  town  has 
many  other  shops  and  business  places.  On  the  cor- 
ner of  Baltimore  and  Church  Streets  we  have  the  law 
offices  of  Logan  and  Logan,  who  are  always  ready  to 
attend  to  any  business  in  their  line.  Next  we  come 
to  Dr.  J.  H.  Graff,  (Dentist),  who  will  extract  your 
teeth  and  give  you  new  ones  in  exchange  if  you  desire 

20 


thorn,   at  a   very  reasonable  price.     Next  we  come  to 
S.  H.  Klugh.  Undertaker  and  dealer  in  furniture. 


XIV. 

TELEGRAPH  AND  TELEPHONE. 

We  have  a  telegraph  office  where  you  can  send  mes- 
sages to  all  parts  of  the  Globe,  and  a  telephone  in  al- 
most every  business  place  in  the  town  from  which 
you  can  communicate  to  almost  any  place  in  the 
United  States. 


XV. 
DISTINGUISHED  MEN. 

Hon.  Matthew  Stanley  Quay  was  born  in  Dillsburg, 
Sept,  30th.  1833.  The  old  house  is  still  standing 
where  he  was  born.  His  history  is  well  known.  He 
was  elected  two  sessions  to  the  Pennsylvania  Legisla- 
ture. He  was  twice  elected  Prothonotary  of  Beaver 
county,  and  was  twice  Secretary  of  State  in  Pennsyl- 
vania. In  1885  he  was  elected  State  Treasurer.  He 
was  chairman  of  the  National  Republican  Committee 
in  1SSS,  and  at  three  different  times  he  was  Chairman 
of  the  Republican  State  Committee,  and  is  at  this 
time  serving  his  third  term  in  the  United  States  Sen- 
ate, and  is  acknowledged  by  friends  and  his  enemies 
of  being  the  most  successful  political  leader  that  this 
country  ever  had. 

Hon.  John  M.  Bailey,  of  Huntingdon  Pa,,  was  born 

21 


and  raised  in  Dillsburg.  He  is  a  prominent  Lawyer 
and  was  a  member  of  the  Convention  that  drew  np  our 
State  Constitution  of  1873,  which  was  adopted  by  the 
people  of  this  State  by  a  large  majority.  He  is  at  the 
present  time  President  Judge  of  the  20th  Judicial 
District  of  Pennsylvania. 

Dr.  George  L.  Shearer  was  a  citizen  of  Dillsburg 
for  a  period  of  fifty-two  years,  practiced  medicine 
very  successfully  during  this  entire  period  of  time.  I 
have  already  said  that  he  was  the  first  Chief  Burgess 
of  the  borough.  He  served  quite  a  number  of  years 
as  School  Director  very  acceptably,  and  was  often 
elected  a  member  of  the  Town  Council.  He  was  one 
of  the  charter  members  that  secured  the  charter  of 
the  borough  of  Dillsburg.  He  was  active  in  all  the 
public  enterprises  that  proved  beneficial  to  our  bor- 
ough such  as  the  early  acceptance  of  our  public 
schools  in  Dillsburg,  and  the  State  Eoad  leading  from 
Dillsburg  to  York,  and  we  are  also  greatly  indebted 
to  him  for  the  efforts  he  made  to  get  a  railroad  to 
Dillsburg  and  after  laboring  for  more  than  thirty 
years,  he  had  the  satisfaction  of  seeing  the  cars  run- 
ning into  Dillsburg.  He  was  elected  a  director  of  the 
road  and  had  the  advantages  of  the  road  for  only  five 
years,  1878,  when  he  was  removed  from  time  into 
eternity.  He  was  succeeded  in  the  directorship  by 
his  son,  Dr.  James  M.  Shearer,  who  survived  his 
lather  only  four  years. 

Col.  S.  N.  Bailey  was  born  in  the  year  1809,  and 
lived  in  Dillsburg  nearly  all  his  life.  He  was  the 
father  of  the  Hon.  John  M.  Bailey,  of  Huntingdon, 
to  whom  I  have  already  referred.     He  was  an  intelli- 

22 


gent  man  and  served  three  successive  terms  in  the 
Pennsylvania  Legislature  very  acceptably.  He  was 
for  seven  years  a  clerk  in  the  Auditor  General's 
Office  in  Harrisburg,  and  he  was  also  a  clerk  in  the 
Custom  House  in  Philadelphia.  When  the  Civil  War 
broke  out  in  1861  he  raised  a  company  in  Dillsburg 
and  vicinity  and  was  afterwards  elected  Lieut.  Colonel 
of  the  12th  Regiment  of  the  Pennsylvania  Reserve 
Corps,  he  died  in  1872. 

Jacob  Heiges,  the  first  judge  of  the  election  for 
borough  officers  in  Dillsburg,  was  born  in  the  year 
1800,  he  moved  to  Dillsburg  about  the  year  1830,  and 
built  a  two  story  rough  cast  house,  which  is  still 
standing,  and  has  its  original  appearance  yet.  Mr. 
Heiges  had  the  reputation  of  making  the  best  chairs 
that  were  made  in  the  county,  he  was  a  very  quiet 
citizen,  and  worked  at  his  trade  until  he  died  in  1866. 
He  was  the  father  of  four  sons  and  two  daughters. 
The  oldest  son,  John  M.,  was  elected  Register  of 
York  County  and  later  he  served  three  years  as  Clerk 
to  the  Commissioners,  and  was  also  a  clerk  in  the 
Register's  Office  and  died  in  1882.  His  second  son. 
Dr.  J.  D.  Heiges,  is  a  Dentist,  and  is  doing  a  good 
business  in  his  profession  in  the  city  of  York,  he  has 
been  corresponding  secretary  of  the  York  County  Ag- 
ricultural Society  for  fifteen  years,  and  is  still  holding 
the  position.  His  third  son  is  Prof.  S.  B.  Heiges, 
common  school  teacher.  In  1860  and  61  he  taught  a 
Normal  School  in  Dillsburg,  in  1862  with  Prof.  W. 
H.  Griffith  he  opened  Cottage  Hill  College,  York,  Pa. , 
County  Superintendent  from  '64  to  1870,  he  was  Pro- 
thonotary   of  York   County  for  three  years.     He  was 

23 


the  Principal  of  the  Soldiers  Orphan  School  at  Camp 
Hill  and  Principal  of  the  Shippensburg  Normal  School. 
He  also  held  a  position  in  the  Pomalogieal  Depart- 
ment of  Agriculture,  as  Chemist,  in  Washington-,  D. 
C,  and  has  also  been  a  public  Lecturer,  and  also  well 
known  correspondent  of  Moore's  Rural  New  Yorker. 
The  fourth  and  youngest  son,  George  W. ,  was  a 
Lawyer  by  profession,  and  practiced  at  the  York  bar, 
he  was  twice  elected  to  the  Pennsylvania  Legislature, 
and  was  afterward  elected  Chief  Burgess  of  the 
borough  of  York,  before  York  was  incorporated  as  a 
city,  he  has  since  died  in  the  prime  of  life.  The 
youngest  daughter,  Elizabeth,  was  married  to  Win. 
N.  Seibert,  Esq.,  a  prominent  Lawyer  of  New  Bloom- 
held.  Perry  County,  Pa. 

Jacob  Lauman  was  a  Very  prominent  merchant  in 
Dillsburg,  at  an  early  day.  James  J.  Moore  was  his 
successor  in  the  same  business  for  thirty -five  years, 
and  he  was  one  of  the  leading  citizens  of  Dillsburg. 

Henry  Sidle  was  also  a  prominent  business  man  in 
Dillsburg  for  thirty  years.  He  was  in  the  mercantile 
business  and  he  also  kept  a  hotel. 


XVI. 

SOLDIERS  OF  THE  CIVIL  WAR, 

I  will  now  give  you  a  brief  history  of  our  soldiers 
who  went  into  the  army  from  Dillsburg  during  the 
civil  war,  between  the  year  1861  to  1865.  When  the 
enrollment  was  first  taken  in  Dillsburg  in  1861,  of  all 
the  men  between  the  ages  of  twenty-one  and  forty-five, 
we  found  the  number  to  be  sixty -six,  at  the  last  draft 

24 


made  in  1865  there  were  but  nine  men  left  in  the 
borough  subject  to  draft.  This  shows  that  out  of  the 
sixty-six  men  who  were  first  enrolled,  fifty-seven  had 
entered  the  United  States  service.  Below  you  will 
find  the  names  of  the  men  who  entered  the  civil  war 
from  Dillsburg,  between  the  year  1861  to  1865,  as 
follows : 


Wm.  Reitzel, 
Solomon  Arnold, 
S.  M.  Chronister, 
Wm.  Harbolt, 
Americus  Wickey, 
Capt.  T.  B.  Hurst, 
Solomon  Smith, 
H.  C.  Smyser, 
Henry  Lau, 
Dr.  James  M.  Shearer 
Dr.  W.  D.  Bailey, 
Wm.  Arnold,  of  D, 
Wm.  Arnold,  of  H, 
Andrew  Weimer, 
J.  L.  McClure, 
D.  D.  Bailey, 
R.  A.  Moore, 
G.  W.  Reed, 
Addison  Sheffer, 
Thomas  Smith, 
Henry  Reed, 

Of   this    number 
wounded. 

D.  D.  Bailey, 
J.  L.  McClure, 


Wm.  Bittinger, 
John  Bowman, 
Henry  Sheffer, 
Abram  Rhoads, 
Jacob  Koontz, 
Andrew  Kinter, 
Henry  Harman, 
Thomas  Gardner, 
Col.  S.  N".  Bailey, 
Jacob  King, 
George  Ditmer, 
Geo.  L.  Britcher, 
Wm.  McKeever, 
Mr.  Uhler, 
Alex.  McKeever, 
Adam  Mountz. 
Edward  Moore, 
Wm.  Chronister, 
David  Chronister, 
Dr.  N".  H.  Shearer. 

tlie    following    were    killed  and 

KILLED. 

Wm.  Arnold  of  H-, 
Solomon  Smith, 


25 


Wm.  Arnold  of  D.,  Heniy  Harman, 

Jacob  Koontz,  Alex.  Mckeever. 

WOUNDED. 
S.  M.  Chronister,  Wm.  Bittinger, 

G.  W.  Reed,  Henry  Sheffer, 

making  a  total  of  eight  killed  and  four  wounded.  The 
names  of  the  other  sixteen  I  cannot  recall  but  I  can 
say  of  a  truth ,  that  at  the  last  call  for  troops  there 
were  only  nine  able  bodied  men  between  the  ages  of 
twenty -one  and  forty-five  that  were  left  in  the  bor- 
ough of  Dillsburg.  This  certainly  shows  that  Dills- 
burg  furnished  a  full  proportion  of  her  young 
men   for   the   protection  of  the  Union  in  the  sixties. 

XVII. 

DISTINGUISHED  VISITORS  IN  DILLSBURG, 

Governor  A.  G,  Curtin  and  Major  General  George 
G.  Meade  visited  Dillsburg  on  the  third  day  of  July, 
1865.  They  remained  in  our  town  for  about  three 
hours.  They  were  on  the  way  to  Gettysburg  to  assist 
in  laying  the  corner  stone  of  the  Soldier's  National 
Monument.  The  ladies  of  our  town  prepared  bou- 
quets which  were  presented  to  them  in  the  parlor  of 
the  Howard  House,  by  A.  N.  Eslinger,  in  the  name 
of  the  ladies.  General  Meade  thanked  the  ladies  and 
Governor  Curtin  thanked  them  in  a  very  appropriate 
address.  Governor  Robert  E.  Pattison  and  the  Gov- 
ernor's Troop  visited  Dillsburg  August  18th,  1894, 
and  stopped  at  the  Hotel  Central.  They  received  a 
very  cordial  reception  by  our  citizens,  a  procession 

26 


was  formed,  headed  by  the  Dillsburg  Brass  Band,  and 
our  Chief  Burgess  S.  N.  Bailey,  led  the  procession, 
followed  by  the  Town  Council  and  School  Directors, 
and  Ministers  of  the  Gospel.  At  the  Hotel  Central 
an  address  of  welcome  was  delivered  by  A.  N.  Es- 
lingei-,  which  was  responded  to  by  Governor  Pattison, 
in  a  very  appropriate  and  eloquent  address,  and  a 
general  reception  given  to  the  citizens  of  town  and 
vicinity  in  the  afternoon  of  the  same  day. 

The  New  York  City  council  also  stopped  in  Dills- 
burg, for  dinner  on  their  way  to  Gettysburg  in  July 
1863,  to  look  after  the  dead  and  wounded,  who  fell  in 
that  great  battle  from  their  stale. 

XVIII. 

MEN  WHO  WERE  SUCCESSFUL  IN  BUSINESS. 
Henry  Sidle  and  sons  left  this  place  for  Minneapolis 
in  the  year  1863  with  a  capital  of  sixty  thousand  dollars 
nearly  all  made  in  this  place  in  about  thirty  years, 
J.  J.  Moore,  merchant,  commenced  business  in  Dills- 
burg a  poor  young  man,  when  he  died  in  1875,  his 
estate  was  worth  twenty-eight  thousand  dollars.  J.  B. 
Hurst,  came  to  Dillsburg  soon  after  the  town  was  in- 
corporated, a  poor  tailor,  he  left  the  town  thirty-six 
years  ago,  worth  about  twenty-five  thousand  dollars. 
George  Wagoner,  came  to  Dillsburg  in  1843  and  was 
worth  less  than  five  hundred  dollars,  in  about  twenty- 
nine  years  he  left  the  town  worth  about  sixteen  thou- 
sand dollars.  L.  H.  Watts,  came  to  town  with  less 
than  three  hundred  dollars,  in  about  twelve  years  he 
left  for  the  west  with  over  five  thousand  dollars,  and 

27 


there  were  others  that  were  also  successful  in  business 
which  I  will  not  name  in  this  book. 


XIX. 

COMPARISONS. 

In  1833  we  had  two  small  dry  goods  and  grocery 
stores,  each  selling  about  ten  thousand  dollars  worth 
of  goods  annually.  We  had  no  hardware  store.  No 
drug  store.  No  bakery.  No  factories,  except  a  small 
whip  factory.  No  coach  shop.  No  Telegraph.  No  tele- 
phone. No  daily  mail.  No  railroad.  No  Bank.  No 
jewelry  store.  No  barber  shop.  No  clothing  store.  No 
printing  press.  No  shoe  store.  No  livery  stable, 
but  in  1902  we  have  three  dry  goods  and  grocery 
stores  that  sell  about  seventy-five  thousand  ($75,000) 
worth  of  goods,  2  hardware  stores  with  stoves  and 
furniture  sell  at  least  fifty  thousand  dollars  ($50,000) 
worth  of  goods.  Then  we  have  1  drug  store,  1  cream- 
ery, 1  spoke  factory,  1  shirt  and  overall  factory,  1 
electric  plant,  3  stove  and  tin  stores,  2  shoe  stores,  3 
milliner  stores,  1  National  Bank,  1  jewelry  store,  1 
bakery,  1  tailor  shop,  1  coach  shop,  2  undertakers,  3 
furniture  stores,  6  mantua  makers,  2  smith  shops,  1 
chain  shop,  2  livery  stables,  1  printing  office,  1  railroad 
office,  with  three  trains  daily,  2  warehouses,  1  lumber 
yard,  1  farmers  implement  store,  1  wagon-maker  shop, 
3  paper  hangers,  1  dentist,  2  clothing  stores,  3  barber 
shops,  1  net  and  collar  factory,  1  restaurant,  2  hotels, 
5   Ministers  of  the  Gospel,  3  Physicians,  2  Lawyers. 

28 


All  told  sixty  places  of  business  at  this  writing,  1902. 
You  will  notice  that  nearly  one-fourth  of  the  houses 
in  Dillsburg  are  places  of  business.  This  surely 
speaks  well  for  a  small  town,  with  only  eight  hundred 
of  a  population. 


XX. 

INVASION  OF  THE  CONFEDERATES. 

On  June  28th,  18G3,  part  of  the  Confederate  Army 
came  into  Dillsburg  on  Sunday  afternoon.  This  was 
part  of  General  Ewel's  Corps.  They  were  under  the 
command  of  Col.  Jenkins.  They  encamped  over 
night  just  a  short  distance  south  of  the  borough. 
They  sent  squads  of  their  soldiers  into  Dillsburg  for 
provisions,  such  as  bread,  meat,  coffee  and  tobacco, 
&c,  and  offered  to  pay  for  it  in  Confederate  script, 
but  it  was  worthless  to  our  people.  They  left  the 
camp  on  Monday  morning  the  29th,  after  taking  all 
the  good  horses  in  the  borough  and  from  the  farmers 
all  around  the  country.  On  the  following  Wednes- 
day, July  1st,  1863,  the  battle  of  Gettysburg  opened, 
and  the  cannonading  could  be  heard  distinctly  in 
Dillsburg,  and  on  the  same  day  Stuart's  cavalry 
passed  through  Dillsburg.  They  numbered  probably 
about  eight  thousand,  under  the  command  of  General 
Fitz  Hugh  Lee  and  General  Wade  Hampton.  They 
robbed  the  stores  in  Dillsburg,  and  the  post  office  of 
all  the  money  and  stamps  and  even  the  postmaster's 
overcoat,  and  all  the  goods  they  could  find  in  the 
stores.     Fitz  Hugh  Lee  led  his  brigade  up  to  Carlisle, 

29 


bombarded  the  town,  and  burned  the  United  States 
Garrison,  located  there  at  that  time.  General  Wade 
Hampton  led  his  brigade  out  north  as  far  as  John 
Mumper's  farm,  where  he  camped  for  the  night.  This 
place  is  about  one  and  one-half  miles  north  of  the 
Borough.  But  before  morning  they  got  word  to  come 
to  Gettysburg  immediately,  so  they  all  left  during  the 
night  for  the  battlefield  by  the  way  of  the  mountain 
road  through  Beaver  town,  to  the  State  road  that  leads 
to  Gettysburg.  This  was  the  last  of  the  Confederate 
army  in  Dillsburg,  and  it  was  a  happy  riddance  to 
our  town  and  the  vicinity. 


XXI. 
IX  COXCLUSIOX. 

The  amount  of  money  handled  in  Dillsburg  in  one 
year  amounts  to  over  one  million  eight  hundred  thous- 
and dollars,  ( $1 ,  800, 000. )  When  I  first  knew  the  place 
in  1839  the  surrounding  country  was  mostly  a  wilder- 
ness. In  the  evening  the  cry  of  the  whip-poor-will 
and  the  tree  frogs  could  be  heard  around  the  village. 
But  now  (1902)  the  vicinity  of  Dillsburg  is  a  beauti- 
ful country,  well  improved  and  produces  as  much 
grain  per  acre  as  any  other  community  in  Pennsyl- 
vania. In  1901  we  had  the  water  brought  into  town 
from  elegant  mountain  springs  with  a  fall  of  one  hun- 
dred and  eighty  feet,  which  affords  sufficient  pressure 
to  throw  the  water  over  the  highest  three-story  build- 
ing in  Dillsburg.     The  town  is  surrounded  with  iron 

30 


ore  banks  of  both  Magnetic  and  Hematite.  Thous- 
ands of  tons  have  been  shipped  and  some  is  being 
shipped  at  this  time.  The  town  is  also  surrounded 
with  clay  called  kaolin,  of  almost  every  color,  to 
make  brick  and  tiling.  It  has  been  tested  by  experts 
and  pronounced  to  be  of  the  very  best  quality.  Dills- 
burg  is  at  this  time  the  central  place  of  business,  ly- 
ing between  the  four  county  seats  of  Dauphin,  York, 
Adams  and  Cumberland  and  its  future  looks  encour- 
aging. We  also  have  the  very  best  prospect  for  two 
trolley  lines  run  into  this  place  inside  of  a  year,  one 
from  Dillsburg  to  Church!  own,  to  form  a  connection 
with  the  Carlisle  and  Harrisburg  route  by  way  of 
Mechanics  burg.  The  other  from  Dillsburg  to  Dover 
there  connecting  with  the  City  of  York,  wh'ch  would 
give  the  citizens  of  Dillsburg  and  vicinity  the  advan- 
tage of  hourly  transportation  from  Dillsburg  to  our 
county  seat,  or  to  Harris!  urg  our  State  Capital,  or 
any  other  place  in  a  rural  district.  Having  known 
the  place  for  sixty-three  years,  and  being  a  citizen  of 
the  town  fifty  years,  it  gives  the  writer  the  advantage 
of  knowing  the  place  and  seeing  its  growth  and  pro- 
gress I  can  write  what  I  really  know  from  personal 
observation. 


31 


CONTENTS. 


PAGE 

I.  Introduction 

5 

II.   Origin  of  Dillsburg 

5 

III.   First  Church 

6 

IV.   First  Sabbath  School 

7 

V.  Post  Office 

8 

VI.   Printing  Press 

9 

VII.   Eailroacl 

10 

VIII.  The  Bank 

10 

IX.  The  Morals 

12 

X.   Public  Schools 

13 

XL  Buildings 

15 

XII.  Population 

15 

XIII.   Business  and  Business  Men 

16 

XIV.  Telegraph  and  Telephone 

21 

XV.  Distinguished  men 

21 

XVI.  Soldiers  of  the  Civil  War 

24 

XVII.  Distinguished  Visitors 

26 

X  VIII.  Men  Who  were  Successful 

27 

XIX.  Comparison 

28 

XX.  Confederate  Invasion. 

29 

XX  I.  Conclusion 

30 

XXII.     Poem 

33 

32 


XXII. 

The  poetry  below  attached  was  copied  from  an  old 
copy  found  in  the  bottom  of  an  old  bandbox  and  is 
reproduced  in  this  book  as  an  old  relic. 

DILLSBURG  FARE. 
1.     All  you  that  wish  to  see, 

A  day  spent  in  sport  and  glee, 
Come  to  the  fare. 

2.  Rooms  we  have  long  and  wide, 
Where  you  may  dance  and  slide, 

We'll  have  music  there. 

3.  Rum,  Brandy  and  wine  will  be, 
Handed  when  call'd  by  thee. 

Come  to  the  fare. 

4.  Sugar,  Nutmeg  and  Lemon  Juice, 
If  you  would  rather  chose, 

Will  be  ready  there. 

5.  Figs,  Reasons  and  Almons  sweet, 
Will  be  sold  in  the  street. 

Come  to  the  fare. 

(>.     Ribbons,  Laces  and  earrings  too 

The  Pedlars  will  sell  to  you. 

Bring  your  Beaus  there. 

7.  Sportsmen  with  horses  fleet, 
Here  can  their  matches  meet, 

Come  to  the  fare. 

8.  Here's  half  a  mile  of  good  road, 
Mind  have  your  creatures  shod. 

You  can  run  there. 

9.  Likewise  upon  that  day, 

From  Carlisle  there'll  be  a  man  there 
A  man  at  the  fare. 

33 


10.  Strange  things  will  show  to  you, 
And  walk  the  wire  too, 

He'll  have  a  clown  there. 

11.  On  Tuesday  the  third  of  June, 
Early  in  the  forenoon, 

Come  to  the  fare. 

12.  As  June  comes  but  once  a  year, 
Come  and  join  in  our  cheer, 

There  will  be  sport  there. 


1817,  3  of  June  is  the  date  hereof. 


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